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Ethically Aligned Opportunistic Scheduling for Productive Laziness


Authors: H. Yu, C. Miao, Y. Zheng, L. Cui, S. Fauvel, and C. Leung
Title: Ethically Aligned Opportunistic Scheduling for Productive Laziness
Abstract: In artificial intelligence (AI) mediated workforce management systems (e.g., crowdsourcing), long-term success depends on workers accomplishing tasks productively and resting well. This dual objective can be summarized by the concept of productive laziness. Existing scheduling approaches mostly focus on efficiency but overlook worker wellbeing through proper rest. In order to enable workforce management systems to follow the IEEE Ethically Aligned Design guidelines to prioritize worker wellbeing, we propose a distributed Computational Productive Laziness (CPL) approach in this paper. It intelligently recommends personalized workrest schedules based on local data concerning a worker’s capabilities and situational factors to incorporate opportunistic resting and achieve superlinear collective productivity without the need for explicit coordination messages. Extensive experiments based on a real-world dataset of over 5,000 workers demonstrate that CPL enables workers to spend 70% of the effort to complete 90% of the tasks on average, providing more ethically aligned scheduling than existing approaches.
Keywords: Scheduling; Multi-agent system; Productive laziness
Conference Name: Proceedings of the 2nd AAAI/ACM Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Ethics, and Society (AIES-19)
Location: Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
Publisher: ACM
Year: 2019
Accepted PDF File: Ethically_Aligned_Opportunistic_Scheduling_for_Productive_Laziness_accepted.pdf
Permanent Link: https://doi.org/10.1145/3306618.3314240
Reference: H. Yu, C. Miao, Y. Zheng, L. Cui, S. Fauvel, and C. Leung, "Ethically Aligned Opportunistic Scheduling for Productive Laziness," in Proceedings of the 2nd AAAI/ACM Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Ethics, and Society (AIES-19), Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, January 2019.
bibtex: 
@inproceedings{LILY-c164, 
   author	= {Yu, Han and Miao, Chunyan and Zheng, Yongqing and Cui, Lizhen and Fauvel, Simon and Leung, Cyril},
   title		= {Ethically Aligned Opportunistic Scheduling for Productive Laziness},  
   booktitle	= {Proceedings of the 2nd AAAI/ACM Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Ethics, and Society (AIES-19)}, 
   year		= {2019}, 
   month	= {January}, 
   pages	= {45-51}, 
   location	= {Honolulu, Hawaii, USA},
   publisher	= {ACM},
}