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Not All Joules are Equal: Towards Energy-Efficient and Green-Aware Data Processing Frameworks


Authors: Z. Niu, B. He, and F. Liu
Title: Not All Joules are Equal: Towards Energy-Efficient and Green-Aware Data Processing Frameworks
Abstract: Interests have been growing in integrating renewable energy into data centers, which attracts many research efforts in developing green-aware algorithms and systems. However, little attention was paid to the efficiency of each joule consumed by data center workloads. In fact, not all joules are equal in the sense that the amount of work that can be done by a joule can vary significantly in data centers. Ignoring this fact leads to significant energy waste (by 25% of the total energy consumption in Hadoop YARN on a Facebook production trace according to our study). In this paper, we investigate how to exploit such joule efficiency to maximize the benefits of renewable energy for MapReduce framework. We develop job/task scheduling algorithms with a particular focus on the factors on joule efficiency in the data center, including the energy efficiency of MapReduce workloads, renewable energy supply and the battery usage. We further develop a simple yet effective performance-energy consumption model to guide our scheduling decisions. We have implemented GreenMR, an energy-efficient and green-aware MapReduce framework, on top of Hadoop YARN. The experiments demonstrate the accuracy of our models, and the effectiveness of our energy-efficient and green-aware optimizations over Hadoop YARN and a state-of-the-art green-aware Hadoop YARN implementation.
Keywords: 
Conference Name: 4th International Conference on Cloud Engineering (IC2E'16)
Location: Berlin, Germany
Publisher: IEEE
Year: 2016
Accepted PDF File: Not_All_Joules_are_Equal_Towards_Energy-Efficient_and_Green-Aware_Data_Processing_Frameworks_accepted.pdf
Permanent Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IC2E.2016.17
Reference: Z. Niu, B. He, and F. Liu, “Not all joules are equal: Towards energy-efficient and green-aware data processing frameworks,” in Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Cloud Engineering (IC2E’16). IEEE, April 2016, pp. 2–11.
bibtex: 
@inproceedings{LILY-c74, 
    author	= {Niu, Zhaojie and He, Bingsheng and Liu, Fangming},
    title	= {Not All Joules are Equal: Towards Energy-Efficient and Green-Aware Data Processing Frameworks},  
    booktitle	= {Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Cloud Engineering (IC2E'16)}, 
    year		= {2016}, 
    month	= {April}, 
    pages	= {2-11}, 
    location	= {Berlin, Germany},
    publisher	= {IEEE},
 }