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Towards Emotionally Intelligent Machines: Taking Social Contexts into Account


Authors: H. Lin, H. Yu, C. Miao, and L. Qiu
Title: Towards Emotionally Intelligent Machines: Taking Social Contexts into Account
Abstract: Emotion is considered a critical component in human computer interaction and intelligent interfaces. However, the social context in which the emotion is manifested is rarely taken into account. In this paper, we present a set of two empirical studies, taking a social network perspective to examine the contextual effect on emotional expression. In study 1, we conducted a scenario-based experiment to examine people’s intention to express in social networks with different structural properties. Study 2 investigated the actual expression on Facebook, and the roles of social network structure and personality traits play in the process. Altogether, it is found that an individual’s tendency for expressing positive emotions and negative emotions is affected by the size and density of the social network he/she belongs to, and the effects vary with individual personality traits. Drawing on these findings, we suggest to add the role of context into existing emotion models,the context profile can be defined by each individual’s social network structure. For different personality traits, the weightage of social context on the outcome expression will be adjusted accordingly. Implications on human-centered design are discussed.
Keywords: Emotion; Social network; Personality; Facebook
Conference Name: 18th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCI'16)
Location: Toronto, Canada
Publisher: Springer
Year: 2016
Accepted PDF File: Towards_Emotionally_Intelligent_Machines_Taking_Social_Contexts_into_Account_accepted.pdf
Permanent Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-39910-2_2
Reference: H. Lin, H. Yu, C. Miao, and L. Qiu, “Towards emotionally intelligent machines: Taking social contexts into account,” in Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCI’16). Springer, July 2016, pp. 12–24.
bibtex: 
@inproceedings{LILY-c87, 
    author	= {Lin, Han and Yu, Han and Miao, Chunyan and Qiu, Lin},
    title	= {Towards Emotionally Intelligent Machines: Taking Social Contexts into Account},  
    booktitle	= {Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCI'16)}, 
    year		= {2016}, 
    month	= {July}, 
    pages	= {12-24}, 
    location	= {Toronto, Canada},
    publisher	= {Springer},
 }