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An Interpretable Neutral Fuzzy Inference System for Predictions of Underpricing in Initial Public Offerings


Authors: D. Wang, X. Qian, C. Quek, A.-H. Tan, C. Miao, X. Zhang, G. S. Ng, and Y. Zhou
Title: An Interpretable Neutral Fuzzy Inference System for Predictions of Underpricing in Initial Public Offerings
Abstract: Due to their aptitude in both accurate data processing and human comprehensible reasoning, neural fuzzy inference systems have been widely adopted in various application domains as decision support systems. Especially in real-world scenarios such as decision making in financial transactions, the human experts may be more interested in knowing the comprehensive reasons of certain advices provided by a decision support system in addition to how confident the system is on such advices. In this paper, we apply an integrated autonomous computational model termed genetic algorithm and rough set incorporated neural fuzzy inference system (GARSINFIS) to predict underpricing in initial public offerings (IPOs). The difference between a stock's potentially high value and its actual IPO price is referred as money-left-on-the-table, which has been extensively studied in the literature of corporate finance on its theoretical foundations, but surprisingly under-investigated in the field of computational decision support systems. Specifically, we use GARSINFIS to derive interpretable rules in determining whether there is money-left-on-the-table in IPOs to assist the investors in their decision making. For performance evaluations, we first demonstrate how to balance between accuracy and interpretability in GARSINFIS by simply altering the values of several coefficient parameters using well-known datasets. We then use GARSINFIS to investigate the IPO underpricing problem. The encouraging experimental results show that we may yield higher initial returns of IPOs by following the advices provided by GARSINFIS than any other benchmarking model. Therefore, our autonomous computational model is shown to be capable of offering the investors highly interpretable and reliable decision supports to grab the money-left-on-the-table in IPOs.
Keywords: Neural fuzzy inference system; Interpretable rules; Initial public offering; Financial decision support system; IPO underpricing
Journal Name: Neurocomputing
Publisher: Elservier
Year: 2018
Accepted PDF File: An_Interpretable_Neutral_Fuzzy_Inference_System_for_Predictions_of_Underpricing_in_Initial_Public_Offerings_accepted.pdf
Permanent Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neucom.2018.07.036
Reference: D. Wang, X. Qian, C. Quek, A.-H. Tan, C. Miao, X. Zhang, G. S. Ng, and Y. Zhou, "An Interpretable Neutral Fuzzy Inference System for Predictions of Underpricing in Initial Public Offerings," Neurocomputing, vol. 319, pp. 102-117, November 2018.
bibtex: 
@article {LILY-j61,
   author 	= {Wang, Di and Qian, Xiaolin and Quek, Chai and Tan, Ah-Hwee and Miao, Chunyan and Zhang, Xiaofeng and Ng, Geok See and Zhou, You},
   title 		= {An Interpretable Neutral Fuzzy Inference System for Predictions of Underpricing in Initial Public Offerings},
   journal 	= {Neurocomputing},
   year 	= {2018},
   month 	= {November},
   volume 	= {319},
   number 	= {},
   pages 	= {102-117},
   publisher 	= {Elservier},
}